Published on 2 Nov 2012 Sections ,

Syria execution film to be examined after war crime claims

A video that appears to show Syrian rebels killing soldiers who had surrendered probably constitutes a war crime that should be prosecuted, the United Nations human rights office says.

It looks to be the latest in a string of executions committed by opposition fighters seeking to topple President Bashar al-Assad said Rupert Colville, a UN rights spokesman.

“It will be examined carefully,” Mr Colville told a news briefing in Geneva, adding that may be difficult to identify the perpetrators and the location where the footage was recorded.

“But the allegations are that these were soldiers who were no longer combatants. And therefore, at this point it looks very likely that this is a war crime, another one,” he said.

The footage was been widely publicised around the world after a monitoring group revealed that rebels killed 28 soldiers on Thursday in attacks on three army checkpoints.

‘Assad’s dogs’

The incident took place in Saraqeb, a town on Syria’s main north-south highway. Some of the dead were shot after they had surrendered, according to video footage.

Rebels berated them, calling them “Assad’s dogs”, before firing round after round into their bodies as they lay on the ground.

“Unfortunately, this could be just the latest in a string of documented summary executions by opposition factions as well as by government forces and groups affiliated with them, such as the shabbiha (pro-government militia),” Colville said.

At this point it looks very likely that this is a war crime, another one. Rupert Colville, a UN rights spokesman

He said: “A year ago, reports of excesses and atrocities by opposition forces were few and far between. But towards the end of last year and increasingly during 2012, we’ve seen events like this happen.”

More than 32,000 people are estimated to have been killed since protests against Assad first broke out and then degenerated into full-scale civil war, with his forces using artillery and air strikes.

UN human rights investigators led by Brazilian Paulo Pinheiro have gathered evidence and testimony on atrocities committed by government forces as well as by armed rebels in the 19-month-old conflict.

Murder and torture

In their last report in August, investigators said government forces and allied militia had committed war crimes including the murder and torture of civilians in what appeared to be a state-directed policy.

The team has already drawn up a confidential list of suspects for future prosecution, either by an international tribunal or by a Syrian national court if feasible.

Carla del Ponte, the former UN war crimes prosecutor who has joined the inquiry, promised last month to bring high level Syrian political or military figures who may have ordered or committed war crimes to justice.

Mr Colville called once again on both sides to respect international human rights law and international humanitarian law, as set out in the Geneva convention.

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), which is the guardian of the 1949 humanitarian pacts, declined to comment on the video on Friday, saying it had no first hand information.