In Syria, the ISIS caliphate has crumbled.
Thousands of fighters have been killed and thousands are on the run, most recently after the Kurdish forces captured the town of Al-Shafa. But what is happening to the women from around the world who say they travelled there in the promise of a pure Islamic life? Some volunteered. Others say they were duped.
Hundreds now find themselves with children, unwanted by the countries of their birth. Are they prisoners of war or refugees? Or both? A group of them, some from Britain, spoke to independent film-maker Jana Andert in this exclusive report for Channel 4 News by Darshna Soni.