Looks back to a time before sex was taboo, when humans saw themselves as an integral part of the natural world. Through history and prehistory, the representations of the ancient gods and traditions followed by pagans have been marred by propaganda from other religious groups eager to rein in those they defined as 'wild barbarians'. In truth, the word pagan is a Roman term meaning 'country folk', and the general concept of paganism is of oneness with nature and a quest to fully understand the world around us. Though historical accounts lead us to images of stone dildo-wielding women flashing their genitals at cattle, chieftains having sex with horses before slaughtering them and whipping sessions in mixed saunas, the underlying theme is of human similarity with animals and nature. Where modern religion aims to emphasise the difference between humans and the world around us, portraying sexuality as taboo, the ancient pagan perspective blurs these boundaries and explores all the elements of the world on equal terms.
Anthropologist Richard Rudgeley explores more of our pagan ancestors and their skills and explains how some of these pagan traditions continue to influence us today
Anthropologist Richard Rudgeley asks whether pagan warrior kings were just macho louts, famous for their violence and drinking, or did they use brain as much as brawn?
In this final episode Richard Rudgley investigates how the desire to escape to the country is an echo of the intense spiritual relationship our pagan ancestors had