Salient dates in the history of the National Health Service.
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Health secretary Aneurin Bevan opens the first NHS hospital at Park Hospital in Manchester. This marked the start of his ambitious plan to provide health services 'free for all at the point of delivery'.
Prescription charges of one shilling introduced and a flat rate of £1 for dental work.
Polio and diphtheria vaccinations programme launched.
First kidney transplant performed.
Prescription'prices increase to two shillings.
Enoch Powell's Hospital Plan launched to unify hospital, general practice and local health authorities. It approves the development of new district general hospitals for population areas of around 125,000 people.
Prescription charges abolished.
First heart transplant performed. Prescription charges re-introduced and increased to half a crown (12.5p).
Prescription charges rise to 20p.
World's first ever test-tube baby born.
Prescription charges rise to 45p.
Prescription charges rise to 70p. Yearly price increases follow.
Breast screening introduced to reduce breast cancer deaths in women over 50.
NHS Community Care Act allows health authorities to manage their own budgets and buy healthcare from hospitals and other health organisations.
Prescription charges have risen to £5.80.
The NHS Plan brings about large changes to the organisation. As well as increasing funding and giving greater patient choice, for the first time there is an agreement with private providers to enable the NHS to make use of facilities in private hospitals.
Primary Care Trusts launched which oversee 37,000 GPs and 21,000 dentists and control 80% of the total NHS budget. Strategic Health Authorities which manage the NHS on a regional basis on behalf of the Secretary of State are also introduced.
Foundation Trusts created to run local hospitals.
Health and Social Care Act passed which is to replace PCTs and Strategic Health Authorities with GP-led clinical commissioning teams. Prescription charges have risen to £7.65. (Dental charges are now £17.50 for basic treatment rising to £209 for more complex procedures).
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