Online dating scams are hugely under-reported despite conning some people out of hundreds of thousands of pounds, according to new research.
The online fraud usually involves criminals setting up fake identities using stolen photos of attractive people, often models or army officers.
After they establish a relationship with the victim, the criminal will then ask for financial help.
Although some of those targeted have handed over hundreds of thousands of pounds, the crimes often remain unreported because victims are too ashamed and upset.
In the first major study into online dating scams, researchers at Leicester and Westminster universities found that over 200,000 Britons have been directly affected by online scams, while over a million people personally know the victim of the crime.
Trauma caused by this scam is worse than any other. Professor Monica Whitty
Professor Monica Whitty from the University of Leicester said: "Our data suggests that the numbers of British victims of this relatively new crime is much higher than reported incidents would suggest."
Researchers questioned 2,000 people through an online YouGov survey.
Shame and upset
However this new study confirms suspicions that the scale of the problem is much bigger, because victims are too ashamed to report the crime.
"It is our view that the trauma caused by this scam is worse than any other, because of the 'double hit' experienced by the victims - loss of monies and a 'romantic relationship'," said Professor Whitty.
"It may well be that the shame and upset experienced by the victims deters them from reporting the crime. We thus believe new methods of reporting the crime are needed."
According to the Serious Organised Crime Agency (Soca), romance fraud is organised crime, usually operating from outside the UK. Their investigations have seen people defrauded of sums ranging from £50 to £240,000.
Criminal groups make initial contact with potential victims online, and then try to move the "relationship" away from the monitored website before carrying out their sting.
Victims are known to suffer emotionally from the loss of a relationship that they believed to be genuine.
Colin Woodcock, Soca's senior manager for fraud prevention, said: "The perpetrators spend long periods of time grooming their victims, working out their vulnerabilities and when the time is right to ask for money."
He said it is crucial that no-one sends money to someone they have only met online.
07 September 2010