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Self-Portrait with Straw Hat and Artistís Smock, 1887

Self-Portrait with Straw Hat and Artistís Smock, 1887
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Sunflowers, 1888

Sunflowers, 1888
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Double lives

Often unrecognised in their lifetime, artists have subsidised their art with a variety of occupations.

Max Ernst (1891-1976)

The German surrealist painter and follower of the Dada movement was untrained as an artist, and was a student of philosophy in Bonn.

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Before becoming a painter and woodcut artist, the Frenchman was a sailor, then a successful stockbroker in Paris.

Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944)

One of the most influential abstract art pioneers, the Russian-born painter and writer studied law, economics and politics at the Moscow University and was a lawyer.

Paul Klee (1879-1940)

The Swiss abstract painter and graphic artist was a musician.

Laurence Stephen Lowry (1887-1976)

Financial hardships kept the faux-naïf style painter of two-dimensional, matchstick figures, as a clerk with a Manchester accountant and a rent collector.

Henri Matisse (1869-1954)

More than a painter, lithographer and sculptor, the Frenchman also studied law.

Claude Monet (1840-1926)

The Impressionist landscape painter spent years with the French army in Algeria.

Henri Rousseau (1844-1910)

The self-taught French primitive painter held a post in the Paris customs service.

Jack Vettriano (b 1951)

Scottish-born popular painter found early employ as a mining engineer.

Grant Wood (1892-1942)

A member of the American Regionalist school, as well as painting scenes of the American Midwest, he opened and worked in a handicraft shop in Iowa.

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